The False Justifications for a Sunni Khilafah
May 23, 2011 1 Comment
I was astounded today when I read a response to justify the Sunni institution of the Khilafah (Caliphate):
“And rule between them by that which Allah revealed to you, and do not follow their vain desires away from the truth which came to you”. [ 5:48]
Allah (swt) has ordered the Prophet to rule between Muslims by that which He (swt) revealed to him and has obliged Muslims to restrict themselves to all the rules of the Shari’ah. An order of Allah (swt) to the Prophet is an order to the entire Ummah, unless there is evidence which limits the order to him. In this case there is no such evidence, so the order to rule by all that Allah has revealed is binding for all the Muslims.
Because the word Ma (what) is general in its meaning, it signifies that the order refers to all of the aspects of governing that have been revealed, and not merely a part of it.
This order to the prophet has been given in a decisive manner, and does not leave room for doubt or alternative meanings orunderstandings.
“..Verily the ‘Hukm’ (command, Judgment) is for none but Allah..” [12:40]
This ayah states that the privilege of rule is reserved for Allah alone. In fact, it is an aspect of tauhid to refer to Allah for solutions to all of life’s affairs, and one of the names of Allah is “The Legislator”.
“Whoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, they are disbelievers” [5:44]
“Whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are oppressors” [5:45]
“Whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are transgressors” [5:47]
Whoever does not govern with what Allah has revealed is of the disbelievers, or oppressors, or transgressors. Again, because the word Ma (what) in this verse is general, so it includes everything that Allah has revealed.
Anyone who knows the above ayat would be sad at their miscontextualised use. Lets begin with 5/48. The author starts his quote with ‘And rule between them by that which Allah revealed to you’ . How do you apply a verse which begins with an ‘and’? Obviously you must read 5/48 in full and when you do you will see this:
And We have revealed to you,the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed …
As you can see, the author’s allegation about the ‘maa’ and general use is patently false. It is not general, it refers to the Quran. Nothing else is mentioned. You should write the author to withdraw such a poor use of the Quran.
As for the khilafah, it is an institiution which has no basis in the Quran. It’s not that the Quran rejects the notion of a government. Rather it rejects the ideas of classical Sharia law. A great example would be blasphemy and apostasy. The Quran simply has no provisions for the two and whatever punishment stipulated is therefore unquranic.