The Concept of Shura by Ghulam Ahmed Parwez


STATE AFFAIRS
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SYSTEM BASED ON CONSULTATION.
The system in which the entire Ummah takes part, is termed by the Quran ‘a system by consultation’ (42:38); It has been ordained by Allah, that “in it, all affairs shall be settled by consultation.” This system shall differ from the western system of democracy in which the nation or the representatives of a nation possess the comprehensive powers of law-making; in other words sovereignty belongs to the nation as a whole but in an Islamic Government the sovereignty belongs to (the Book of) Allah. Leaving aside the representatives of the people, even the entire nation has no right either to make laws against it, or bring about a change in it. The opponents of this system used to ask the Rasoole: “If you could make a change in the Quran according to our liking we are ready to compromise with you”. In answer to their demand Allah addresses the Rasoole thus: (10:15) “Say: It is not for me, to change it of my own accord. I follow not but what is revealed unto me. If I were to disobey my Rabb, even slightly, I am afraid of the punishment I shall receive according to the Law of Requital”. It is apparent that when even the Rasoole could not make any change in it at his own, how can anybody else be allowed to do so Now, as far as the system of majority and minority in a democratic system is concerned, it is apparent that since every matter shall have to be decided in accordance with the Quranic Injunctions, so the question of casting the votes does not arise. The concept that the decisions made by the majority are based on truth is false.
“If you were to follow the majority of the people in the land, they would lead you astray from the path of Allah. They follow nothing but conjecture; they do nothing but indulge in their own surmises”. The criterion to judge between right and wrong is not based on majority or minority, but on the Book of Allah. The representatives of the Ummah have got to conduct the State affairs, within the limits laid down in it. The truth cannot remain subject to the whims and wishes of the people. (23:71)”If the truth had been in accord with their desire, truly the heavens and the earth and all beings therein would have been in confusion”. Thus the people ought to obey the Truth, and Truth is the other name for the Holy Quran.

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About Farouk A. Peru
I am a human being in the world, blogging my existence. My thought systems may be found in my website: www.farouk.name

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